STRs are a new and growing threat to housing stock as conversion to an STR can make a house worth more (making it harder to buy/rent a home), reducing housing stock that is available for residences, and increasing local owner property taxes. Vermont and New Hampshire laws need to be improved to more clearly enable a wide variety of local control of STRs, including limiting the location, type, number, duration of stay, and occupancy. STRs in moderation and if owner-occupied can allow residents to gain income to keep their homes affordable and provide lodging in communities that do not have hotels.